Create MVP: Essential Steps for Startups

published on 27 February 2024

Creating a Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is a critical step for startups looking to enter the market efficiently. An MVP allows you to test your product idea with minimal features, gather early user feedback, and make necessary adjustments without significant investment. Here's a straightforward guide to creating your MVP:

  • Understand Market Needs: Conduct thorough market research to identify your target audience and analyze competitors.
  • Define Core Value Proposition: Clearly articulate the main problem your MVP will solve.
  • User Flow Mapping: Plan the user journey for a seamless experience.
  • Prioritize Essential Features: Focus on must-have features that address core user needs.
  • Build the MVP: Choose a development approach and use lightweight technology for quick iteration.
  • Launch and Test: Release your MVP, collect user feedback, and measure success through engagement and conversions.
  • Iterate Based on Feedback: Continuously improve your MVP based on user insights.

Avoid common pitfalls such as over-engineering or lacking a clear business model, and keep focused on core metrics and qualitative feedback from users. This approach not only validates your product idea but also sets a solid foundation for future development.

What is an MVP?

An MVP (minimum viable product) is a simple version of a product with just the main features. It's made quickly to test if the product idea is good. The goal of an MVP is to:

  • Check if the product and business plan work
  • Get feedback from users early on
  • Start building a group of users and get some attention
  • Make changes quickly without spending a lot of money to better fit what the market wants

Instead of spending a lot of time and money to make a complex product with many features, an MVP lets startups get into the market faster with something simpler. This way, they can start learning and making changes sooner.

MVP Benefits and Examples

Some big reasons to launch an MVP include:

  • Faster time-to-market: Get your product out there in weeks or months, not years
  • Early user feedback: Find out what real users think about your product's features and how it looks and works
  • Cost and risk reduction: If things don't work out, you haven't spent as much money
  • Momentum building: Start attracting people who are interested in your product early on

Some famous examples of MVPs that did well are:

  • Airbnb started with a simple website for people to find short-term places to stay in San Francisco
  • Uber first offered just black car services in San Francisco through an app
  • Slack was a basic chat app for teams to talk to each other
  • Facebook was first only for Harvard students before it opened up to more schools and then everyone

In each of these cases, the MVP helped to check if the main idea was good and became a starting point for growth through quick changes.

Step 1: Conduct Market Research

Before you start building your MVP, it's super important to understand who will use it and what's already out there. This step is all about getting to know your future customers and checking out the competition.

Define Your Target Customer

  • Think about who is going to use your product. Picture them by considering things like:
    • Age, gender, where they live, how much money they make, what they studied, etc.
    • How they use apps or websites, how much they're willing to spend, etc.
    • What problems they have, what they're trying to achieve, and what gets them excited.
  • Figure out the main thing your product needs to do for these people. What big problem does it solve?
  • Decide on the most important features that will solve this problem.

Competitor Analysis

  • Take a look at other companies that are doing something similar. What are they good at, and where could they improve?
  • Find spots where these competitors aren't fully meeting customer needs. This could be your chance to stand out.
  • Think about what makes your product different and possibly better, like new technology, a smoother design, or cheaper prices.
  • Ask people why they use (or don't use) these other options. Keep an eye out for common themes.
  • Summarize your findings with a SWOT analysis, which just means listing out strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

Doing solid market research helps make sure you're building something that people actually want and that hasn't been done exactly the same way before. This step is key to making your MVP a success.

Step 2: Identify the Core Value Proposition

Outline the Problem

To figure out the main problem your product will solve:

  • Talk to potential users to hear about what bothers them with current options
  • If you can, put numbers on the problem - how much time or money are people losing because of it?
  • Sum up the main issue and who it affects in a simple statement
  • Choose the problems that are the biggest deal and need fixing soonest

Determine Key Benefits

Here's how to show what's good about your solution:

  • Make a list of ways your product will help fix the problem
  • Try to figure out how much time, money, or hassle it could save
  • Explain how it will make things easier for users
  • Look at what's already out there and point out where you do better
  • Put the best parts of what you're offering into a clear message

The goal is to really get what users are struggling with and then explain in simple terms how you're going to make things better for them. Use real numbers to show how much better it can be when you can.

Step 3: Map the User Flow

When you're building a product, especially a minimum viable product (MVP), it's super important to make sure it's easy for your users to do what they came for. Think of it like planning the best route for a trip. Here's how to lay out the steps for your users:

Understand User Goals

First up, you need to know what your users want to do. This might be things like:

  • Buying something
  • Signing up
  • Getting to the main features
  • Giving feedback

Pick the top 2-3 things they're most likely to do. Your MVP should make these tasks really straightforward.

Map Main Steps

Now, sketch out the journey for each goal. For each one:

  • Write down the steps from beginning to end
  • Draw a map showing the main pages and what users do on them
  • Note where users have to make choices or input information

For example, if you're selling something, the steps might be:

  1. Land on the home page
  2. Look at products
  3. Add a product to the cart
  4. Enter shipping and payment info
  5. Confirm the purchase
  6. Get a confirmation message

Aim to keep it simple - you don't need to cover every possible action just yet.

Connect Steps to Features

Now, match up the steps with the features you need. This helps users move smoothly through your product. For a shopping app, you might need:

  • Product listings: Ways to search, filters, pictures, and details
  • Cart: A place to save items, change quantities, and see the total price
  • Checkout: Systems to check info, process payments, and track orders

Start with just the essentials for your MVP. You can add more features later on.

Test and Refine

Try out your MVP with real users. Watch how they use it and look for:

  • Any confusion or problems
  • Questions they have
  • How long it takes to do things

Use what you learn to make your product better. Making sure your product is easy to use shows its value right away.

By planning out how users interact with your MVP, you make sure it meets their needs right from the start. Keep it simple, focus on the main tasks, and be ready to make changes based on what real users tell you. This approach helps you build a product that people will want to use for a long time.

Step 4: Prioritize Essential Features

When building your first version of a product, it's super important to pick the right features to include. This means choosing the features that are really necessary for your product to work well for your users. Here’s how to figure out which features are a must:

User Needs Alignment

First, think about what your users really need. Look at what you learned from talking to them. The most important features are those that help your users do what they came to your product to do. For instance, if they need to compare products easily, make sure they can do that.

Core Product Functionality

There are some features that are the heart of your product. Without these, your product just wouldn't make sense. Focus on the basics that let users get the main job done. Extra stuff can wait. Like, for an online store, users must be able to see products and add them to a cart. Other cool features, like suggestions for other products, can come later.

Feasibility and Speed

Think about what features you can actually build quickly with the resources you have. It's better to start simple and get your product out there. You can always add more complex features later based on what your users tell you.

Sequencing and Prioritizing

Now, list your features in order of importance. Start with the ones that are absolutely necessary for the product to work. You can use a simple method like MoSCoW to sort them:

  • Must-Haves: These are the features your product absolutely needs to work.
  • Should-Haves: These are important but not critical right away.
  • Could-Haves: These would be nice to have but aren't essential.
  • Won't-Haves: These are features you don't need right now.

Begin with Must-Haves, then move to the Should-Haves. This way, you can quickly test if your product idea is on the right track while still making sure it does what users need. Later on, based on what users say, you can decide what else to add.

Step 5: Build the MVP

Building your MVP is a big deal and needs to be done carefully. Here's how to do it without getting too complicated:

Choose a Development Approach

When it comes to making your MVP, you have a few choices:

  • In-house development: This means hiring your own team to make the product. It gives you more control but might cost more.
  • Outsourcing: You can hire an outside company or freelancers to do the work. It can save you money and time but means you have less control over the details.
  • Low-code/no-code tools: These are tools that let you build stuff without needing to know how to code. They're easy to use but might not let you do everything you want.

Think about your budget, how fast you need to move, and what skills you have before choosing. Working with people who know what they're doing is always a good idea.

Use Lightweight Technology

You don't need to start with the most advanced technology. Keep it simple:

  • Focus on web first: Make a web app that works well on phones before you think about making a separate app for phones.
  • Leverage frameworks: Tools like React, Django, and Ruby on Rails can help you make things faster.
  • Use cloud services: Options like Firebase, AWS, and Heroku give you the tech stuff you need without the hassle.
  • Consider no-code tools: Tools like Bubble and Webflow let you build without coding.

Starting simple helps you test and make changes quicker without spending a lot of time and money upfront.

Prioritize Simplicity

Don't make things too complicated at the start. Keep in mind:

  • Use a clean and simple design
  • Don't depend too much on other services
  • Make sure it's easy to understand how your app is built
  • Keep good notes on how everything works

Projects that are well-organized and documented are easier to keep up and improve.

Facilitate Future Iterations

Make sure you can easily update and add to your product:

  • API-first approach: Keep the front (what users see) and back (the tech behind it) separate so you can update easily.
  • Loose component coupling: Make it so you can change parts without messing up everything else.
  • Configurable environments: Set up for both testing and real use.
  • Instrument analytics: Keep track of how people use your product so you can make it better.

Planning for updates will help your product get better faster.

Tools and Technologies

Type Options Pros Cons
Frameworks React, Vue, Angular, Django, Rails Quick to build with, lots of people use them Might be hard to learn
Cloud Platforms Firebase, AWS, Azure, Heroku Quick to set up, can grow with you Might lock you in, costs can go up
Low-Code Bubble, Webflow, AppMaster Easy to use, don't need to code Might not do everything you want

When picking tools, think about your long-term plans, what skills you have, and how quickly you need to move. Using tried and true solutions can help you make a good MVP without spending too much.


Step 6: Launch and Test MVP

Launching your minimum viable product (MVP) is super important because it helps you see what real users think about your product. Here's how to do it in a way that makes sense:

Set Clear Goals and Metrics

Before anything else, decide what you want to learn from launching your MVP. This might include:

  • How many people use it
  • If people keep using it
  • How many people buy something or sign up
  • How much money you make

Pick specific numbers you're aiming for to know if things are going well or not.

Choose a Launch Strategy

You can launch your MVP in a few different ways:

  • Soft launch: Start with just a few people to lower the risk. Then, slowly let more people in.
  • Public beta: Let a lot of people try it but tell them it's still being tested.
  • Flash launch: Start big and fast to get lots of attention right away.

Think about what makes the most sense for your startup goals and how much risk you're okay with.

Promote the Launch

Tell people about your MVP to get them to try it:

  • Use social media like Twitter or Facebook to spread the word.
  • Send out emails if you have a list of contacts.
  • Work with influencers in your field to reach more people.
  • Run contests to get people excited about signing up.

Choose the best ways to reach your audience.

Monitor and Collect Data

Keep an eye on how your MVP is doing:

  • Look at numbers like how many people sign up or buy something.
  • Ask users directly what they think through surveys or interviews.

Keep track of what's happening so you understand how your MVP is performing.

Analyze Results

Check if you're meeting your goals:

  • Look at your metrics to see if you're on target.
  • Find out what's working and what's not.
  • Figure out what needs to change based on how users are reacting to your MVP.

Use this info to decide what to do next.

Make Improvements

Based on what you've learned, start making your product better:

  • Fix problems and make the good parts even better.
  • Change your message if you need to, to connect better with users.
  • Add or drop features based on what people are actually using.

Keep tweaking your product to make it something people really want.

Testing your MVP with real users is crucial. Be ready to change things based on what they tell you. This process will help you find the right fit between your product and the market.

Step 7: Iterate Based on Feedback

After you launch your minimum viable product (MVP), the next big step is to see what users think and use their feedback to make your product better. Here’s a simple way to think about it:


  • Start by making a basic version of your product with just the needed features.
  • Make sure it solves a real problem for your users.
  • Choose technology that’s easy to change as you learn more.


  • Let a group of users try out your MVP.
  • Watch how they use it and see where they might get stuck or lose interest.
  • Gather data on what works and what doesn’t.


  • Look at the feedback and data from users.
  • Figure out which parts of your product are really helping users and which parts aren’t.
  • Identify any big issues that make the user experience worse.


  • Based on what you’ve learned, make changes to your product.
  • Add new features, tweak existing ones, or take out what’s not working based on user feedback.
  • Test these changes with users, see how they react, and keep improving.

By following these steps, startups can make sure their product really meets what users need. Here are some tips:

Talk to users often: Have regular chats with users or send surveys to get deep insights. Find out what they like, what they don’t, and how you can make your product better.

Keep an eye on important numbers: Track things like how often users come back, how much they use your product, and whether they’re doing what you hoped they would. Use these numbers to see if your changes are working.

Start with the most important features: Focus on the features that users really care about. Put the most effort into making these as good as they can be.

Move quickly: The faster you can make changes and test them with users, the better. Don’t worry about getting everything perfect right away.

Be ready to change: Sometimes, you might need to make big changes based on what users tell you. It’s important to be open to changing your plan to match what users actually want.

Keeping these ideas in mind and continuously improving your MVP based on user feedback is a smart way to make sure your product fits well with what the market needs.

Avoiding Common MVP Pitfalls

Making a minimum viable product (MVP) can be tricky, and there are some common mistakes startups often make. But if you know what these mistakes are, you can avoid them and give your MVP a better chance of doing well. Here's what to watch out for and some tips on how to steer clear of these problems:

Not Validating Your Idea First

A big mistake is to start making your MVP without making sure your idea is something people actually want. It's important to confirm there's a real need for what you're planning to build.


  • Use surveys, interviews, or even simple ads to test if people are interested in your idea before you build it.
  • Keep an open mind and be ready to listen to what potential users say, even if it's not what you hoped to hear.

No Clear Business Model

Jumping into building an MVP without knowing how it will make money is another common error. It's crucial to have at least a basic plan for how your startup will earn revenue.


  • Sketch out a basic plan of who your customers are, what you're offering them, and how you'll make money.
  • Make sure your MVP focuses on the most important features that will show if your business idea can work.

Over-Engineering the Product

Sometimes, startups try to do too much too soon by adding too many features to their MVP. This can waste a lot of time and resources.


  • Keep your MVP simple. Focus on the most important features first, based on what you've learned from potential users.
  • Use a step-by-step approach to add new features based on real feedback.

No Focus on Core Metrics

Not keeping track of the right numbers is a mistake that can make it hard to know if your MVP is successful. Knowing what success looks like helps you make better decisions.


  • Pick a few key numbers that matter most for your business, like how many people sign up or keep using your product.
  • Start measuring these numbers right away so you can see how well your MVP is doing and make improvements.

By keeping an eye out for these pitfalls and following these tips, you can give your MVP a solid start. It's all about planning well, listening to user feedback, and being ready to make changes based on what you learn.

Measuring Success

It's really important to figure out if your minimum viable product (MVP) is hitting the mark with users and if there's room to grow and improve. Here are some key things to keep an eye on:

User Engagement

User engagement tells you if people are actually interested in what your MVP offers. Key things to look at include:

  • Daily/monthly active users: This is about how many people use your MVP every day or month. You want this number to be growing.
  • Session length: This measures how long people spend using your MVP each time they log in. Longer times mean they're probably finding it useful.
  • Churn rate: This is the rate at which people stop using your MVP. Obviously, you want as few people as possible to stop using it.

Good user engagement means people find your MVP useful. Keep an eye on how users behave to identify any problems.


Conversions are about getting users to take specific actions, like signing up or upgrading to a paid version. Important metrics here include:

  • Sign-up rate: How many visitors to your MVP end up signing up. You want this number to be high.
  • Free to paid conversion rate: How many users who start with a free version decide to pay for more features.
  • Viral factor: How many new users each current user brings in. More is better.

These numbers help show if people think your MVP is valuable.

Revenue KPIs

If you're making money from your MVP, also keep track of:

  • Average revenue per user (ARPU): This is how much money you make from each user on average. You want this number to go up over time.
  • Customer lifetime value (CLV): This tells you how much a user will bring in over their time with your MVP. Higher is better.
  • Customer acquisition cost (CAC): This is how much it costs you to get a new user. Lower costs mean you can grow more easily.

These figures help you see if your business model works.

Qualitative Feedback

Besides numbers, also listen to what users are saying through:

  • Interviews: These give deep insights into what users think.
  • Surveys: These help quantify users' opinions on various aspects of your MVP.
  • Reviews: From these, you can learn what users like and don't like, and where they're having trouble.

User feedback is incredibly valuable for figuring out how to make your MVP better.

By keeping an eye on these key areas, you can get a good sense of how well your MVP is doing and what you might need to change or improve.


Creating a minimum viable product (MVP) is a crucial early step for startups and entrepreneurs. It's all about making a simple version of your product with just the most important features. This way, you can see if your idea works, get feedback from users, and make changes fast. Here's a quick rundown of the main steps to make a successful MVP:

Research and Validate the Idea

  • Do your homework to understand what your future users need and what bothers them.
  • Look at what similar companies are doing and see if there's something they're missing.
  • Check if people are actually interested in your idea by asking them directly or through online tools.

Identify the Core Features

  • Clearly state the main problems your MVP will tackle.
  • Pick the 2-3 most essential features that solve these problems.
  • Keep it simple and avoid adding too many extra features.

Develop a Basic Prototype

  • Choose the right tools that let you build and change your MVP easily.
  • Aim for a design and setup that's easy to understand and use.
  • Make sure you can quickly update your MVP based on what you learn.

Release and Gather Feedback

  • Start with a small group of users to test your MVP.
  • Collect both numbers (like how many people use it) and thoughts (what users like or don't like).
  • Decide which metrics will help you know if your MVP is doing well.

Improve and Repeat

  • Look at the feedback and data to see what's working and what's not.
  • Quickly make changes to your MVP based on what you find out.
  • Keep testing new versions until you find the right fit between your product and what users want.

Making an MVP is about learning as you go and being ready to change direction based on what users tell you. It's important to start small, be ready to adjust, and keep focusing on what your users really need. This approach helps you learn a lot while avoiding wasting time and resources. Staying flexible and focused on learning is key to eventually making a product that your customers will love.

How do I create a startup MVP?

To build a startup MVP, follow these steps:

  • Do market research to learn about what users need and who else is doing something similar.
  • Decide on the fewest features your MVP needs to work.
  • Think about a simple way your startup can make money.
  • Sketch out your ideas and plan how users will use your MVP.
  • Pick the tools and technology to build your MVP with.
  • Make a basic version focusing on the most important features.
  • Test everything to make sure it works before you launch.
  • Launch your MVP, keep an eye on how it's used, and ask users what they think.

Keep it simple and aim to quickly find out if your idea is something people want. Be ready to make changes based on user feedback.

What are the stages of startup MVP?

The main stages of making a startup MVP are:

  • Identifying Market Needs: Look for problems you could solve.
  • Conceptualizing the Product: Choose the main features based on what users need.
  • Building a Roadmap: Plan out the steps and goals for making your MVP.
  • Creating the MVP: Make a simple version for testing with users.
  • Iterating: Improve and change your MVP as needed based on feedback.

Work through these steps carefully but be flexible to change your plan based on user feedback.

How do you make MVP in 5 steps?

Here's a quick 5-step guide to making a startup MVP:

  • Market Research: Learn about your users, competitors, and where you could fit in.
  • Ideation and Brainstorming: Come up with your solution.
  • Map the User Flow: Plan the main tasks and steps users will take.
  • Prioritize Features: Pick the must-have features for your first version.
  • Launch and Measure: Release your MVP and track how it's used.

Keep focused on the main things your users need to do. Be ready to adjust based on what you learn from them.

What are the key principles when creating a MVP?

When making an MVP, remember these principles:

  • Be clear about what your product is for and what features it needs.
  • Focus on the most important things to build first.
  • Make a simple but working first version.
  • Launch it quickly to start getting feedback from real users.
  • Watch what users do and listen to what they say.
  • Update and improve your MVP fast based on what you learn.

Keep things simple and be prepared to change your plan based on user feedback. Launch quickly and pay close attention to what your users tell you.

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